Botulism articles on Wikipedia
Botulism
Botulism is a rare and potentially fatal illness caused by a toxin, produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. The disease begins with weakness,
May 22nd 2017



1971 Bon Vivant botulism case
The 1971 Bon Vivant botulism case was one of the few cases of foodborne botulism to occur from commercial food processing. On July 2, 1971, the U.S. Food
Feb 4th 2017



Heptavalent botulism antitoxin
The Heptavalent Botulism AntiToxin – HBAT, made by Cangene Corporation – is a licensed, commercially available botulism anti-toxin that effectively
Apr 6th 2017



Avian botulism
Avian Botulism is a strain of botulism that affects wild and captive bird populations, most notably waterfowl. This is a paralytic disease brought on by
Aug 24th 2016



Castleberry's Food Company
shipped products that were underprocessed, resulting in several cases of botulism and subsequent widespread recall, and the cessation of production at their
May 13th 2017



Clostridium botulinum
foodborne botulism (ingestion of preformed toxin), infant botulism (intestinal infection with toxin-forming C. botulinum), and wound botulism (infection
May 19th 2017



Botulinum toxin
causes flaccid paralysis. Infection with the bacterium causes the disease botulism. The toxin is also used commercially in medicine, cosmetics and research
May 12th 2017



Clostridium baratii
anaerobic, motile, gram-positive bacterium. It is a rare cause of infant botulism, in which newborns or infants lose their muscle tone, and develop trouble
Dec 11th 2016



Pakowki Lake
thousands of birds due to avian botulism. Government studies conclude that nothing can be done to prevent the botulism. Friends of Geographical Names
Apr 6th 2017



2013 Fonterra recall
products sold by dairy producer Fonterra was announced after suspected botulism-causing bacteria were found during safety tests. The contaminated whey
Mar 12th 2017



Fermented fish
Alaska has witnessed a steady increase of cases of botulism since 1985. It has more cases of botulism than any other state in the United States of America
Mar 27th 2017



Loyd Grossman sauces
Premier Foods issued a product recall on Loyd Grossman korma after cases of botulism in Scotland. A Health Protection Scotland report on the incident concluded
Jun 29th 2016



Toxoid
anatoxine. There are toxoids for prevention of diphtheria, tetanus and botulism. Toxoids are used as vaccines because they induce an immune response to
Feb 24th 2017



Watershed Center Grand Traverse Bay
botulism. Bird die-offs have dramatically increased in recent years on northern Lake Michigan. In 2007, for the first time in several years, botulism
Apr 26th 2013



Cesare Montecucco
Ehrlich and Ludwig Darmstaedter Prize in 2011 for his researches on tetanus, botulism, anthrax and Helicobacter pylori-related diseases. Throughout his career
Dec 27th 2016



Ida A. Bengtson
isolated in 1895 by Emile van Ermengem from home cured ham implicated in a botulism outbreak. The isolate was originally named Bacillus botulinus, after the
May 4th 2017



Health Canada
December 2016, Health Canada approved the purchase of a new botulism antitoxin called Botulism Antitoxin Heptavalent (BAT) from the American-based company
Jan 10th 2017



Flaccid paralysis
adenoviruses, among others. Clostridium">The Clostridium botulinum bacteria are the cause of botulism. Vegetative cells of C. botulinum may be ingested. Introduction of the
Jan 9th 2017



Pruno
"Botulism from Drinking Pruno (January 2009)". Emerg Infect Dis (serial on the Internet). Retrieved 16 February 2013Hensley, Scott. "Botulism From
Feb 25th 2017



List of foodborne illness outbreaks in the United States
Two women died in 1963 from botulism from canned tuna fish from the Washington Packing Corporation. 1971 Bon Vivant botulism outbreak in vichyssoise manufactured
May 21st 2017



Home canning
expose consumers to botulism and other kinds of food poisoning if done incorrectly. The most common source of food-borne botulism is home-canned foods
Mar 4th 2017



Guanidine
samples. Guanidine hydrochloride is used as an adjuvant in treatment of botulism, introduced in 1968, but now its role is considered controversial – because
Apr 26th 2017



Igunaq
without risk – improper production can lead to illness and death through botulism. Fermented fish and fermented food is part of many traditional cuisines
Aug 22nd 2016



Bolthouse Farms
Juice" and other Bolthouse Farms products because of several cases of botulism resulting from consumption of the products. On September 29, 2006, the
Mar 4th 2017



Bon viveur
"Bon Vivant" redirects here. For other uses, see 1971 Bon Vivant botulism case. The phrase bon viveur is a pseudo-French phrase adopted in English in the
May 2nd 2017



Canning
Foodborne botulism results from contaminated foodstuffs in which C. botulinum spores have been allowed to germinate and produce botulism toxin, and this
Apr 29th 2017



Goat farming
rotting -which can lead to botulism poisoning. Likewise, the skins need to be pricked so that air can ingress, as botulism needs an anaerobic medium in
Dec 30th 2016



Jean-Baptiste Botul
literary hoax, the names of both Botul and his philosophy of botulism derive from botulism, an illness caused by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. References
Feb 18th 2017



Jacob Casson Geiger
SocietySociety. For his research in public-health medicine (e.g., malaria and botulism), he received numerous awards from the U.S. and foreign governments as
Mar 7th 2016



Sausage making
and a ham. All smoked sausages are cured. The reason is the threat of botulism. The bacterium responsible, Clostridium botulinum, is ubiquitous in the
Feb 1st 2017



Kiviak
auk. Eider does not ferment as well as auk, and gave those that ate it botulism. Surstromming Hakarl List of delicacies "TV review: Human Planet".
Apr 30th 2017



Lida Holmes Mattman
complement fixation with a bacteria-free virus, the first report of wound botulism, geotrichum mycemia, nasal carriage of Clostridium tetani, antibiotic cure
May 22nd 2017



Émile van Ermengem
who, in 1895, isolated Clostridium botulinum, the bacterium that causes botulism, from a piece of ham that had poisoned thirty four people. He worked at
May 22nd 2017



My Education: A Book of Dreams
such as a chapter where Burroughs instructs the reader on how to create botulism. There is a place he refers to as the Land of the Dead, which, like Interzone
May 9th 2016



Skin popping
amyloidosis. Tetanus has also been associated with skin-popping as has botulism. thefreedictionary.com Coombs, R. H., & Howatt, W. A. (2005). The Addiction
Aug 30th 2016



Bulbar palsy
Lyme disease Malignancy: brain-stem glioma, malignant meningitis Toxic: botulism, venom of bark scorpion (species Centruroides), some neurotoxic snake venoms
May 18th 2017



Preservative
hot dogs, and bacon to prevent botulism. It serves the important function of controlling the bacteria that cause botulism, but sodium nitrite can react
May 16th 2017



Osteophagy
high levels of phosphorus, nearly eliminated botulism. The simplest conclusion for this was that the botulism symptoms were caused by a lack of phosphorus
Dec 31st 2016



Charcuterie
German scientists originally named botulism poisoning Wurstvergiftung or "sausage poisoning." The term botulism derives its name from the Latin term
Apr 24th 2017



Northwoods Mall (Illinois)
year and was replaced two years later by Famous-Barr. Also in 1983, a botulism outbreak at the mall's Skewer Inn restaurant affected 28 customers. Montgomery
Jul 17th 2016



Fermentation in food processing
Alaska has witnessed a steady increase of cases of botulism since 1985. It has more cases of botulism than any other state in the United States of America
Apr 17th 2017



Frédéric Pagès
Jean-Baptiste Botul" to promote this fictitious philosopher and his school of "Botulism". In 2010, the hoax caught out the well-known TV philosopher Bernard-Henri
Feb 24th 2017



Vichyssoise
soups and stews List of soups List of vegetable dishes 1971 Bon Vivant botulism case, which involved tinned vichyssoise soup Some like it hot Mastering
May 11th 2017



Rakfisk
bacteria growing in the fish, especially Clostridium botulinum, which causes botulism. The finished product does not need cooking and is eaten as it is. Rakfisk
Apr 20th 2017



Sous-vide
pasteurize the meat. Pasteurization kills the botulism bacteria, but the possibility of hardy botulism spores surviving and reactivating once cool remains
May 15th 2017



Clostridium argentinense
botulinum, Cl. argentinense produces botulin, a neurotoxin that causes botulism in susceptible mammals. Among this proteolytic species' products are acetic
Aug 27th 2016



Intestinal infectious diseases
paratyphoid fever, other types of salmonella infections, shigellosis, botulism, gastroenteritis, and amoebiasis among others. Typhoid and paratyphoid
Nov 5th 2016



Emergent BioSolutions
Emergent's new botulism antitoxin called Botulism Antitoxin Heptavalent (BAT). The CDC and Public Health Agency of Canada both identified botulism, a type of
Apr 26th 2017



Curing salt
of bacteria, specifically Clostridium botulinum in an effort to prevent botulism, and helps preserve the color of cured meat. Many also contain red dye
Jan 13th 2017



Voltar (G.I. Joe)
freighter. Voltar is amongst this group, and he dies some time later, due to botulism from canned food that those trapped used to keep themselves alive. Voltar
Nov 6th 2013





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