IPA articles on Wikipedia
International Phonetic Alphabet
notation. For usage of IPA in Wikipedia, see Help:IPA, Help:IPA/Introduction or Help:IPA for English The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is an alphabetic
Apr 24th 2017



Ipa
International Phonetic Alphabet, see International Phonetic Alphabet. Ipa is a genus of spiders in the Linyphiidae family. It was first described in
Mar 11th 2017



IPA Extensions
encodings. For specific disordered speech Extensions to IPA, see Extensions to the IPA. IPA Extensions is a block (0250–02AF) of the Unicode standard
Apr 13th 2017



Case variants of IPA letters
With the adoption of letters from the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) in various national alphabets, letter case forms have been developed. This
Feb 12th 2017



.ipa
An .ipa file is an iOS application archive file which stores an iOS app. Each .ipa file includes a binary for the ARM architecture and can only be installed
Mar 13th 2017



IPA pulmonic consonant chart with audio
The International Phonetic Alphabet, or IPA, is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet. It was devised by the
Mar 20th 2017



IPA Braille
IPA-Braille IPA Braille is the modern standard Braille encoding of the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA), as recognized by the International Council on English
Aug 11th 2016



Handwritten IPA
supported IPA, and the IPA was therefore filled in by hand. However, cursive IPA is no longer taught, and is no longer included in the IPA handbook.
Jan 9th 2017



IPA vowel chart with audio
those in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) and added material. The chart is based on the official IPA vowel chart, which maps the vowels according
Apr 20th 2017



IPA extensions
IPA-Extensions IPA Extensions may refer to: Extensions to the IPA, extra symbols to be used in conjunction with the IPA, designed for transcribing disordered speech,
Jan 8th 2012



Obsolete and nonstandard symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet
International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) possesses a variety of obsolete and nonstandard symbols. Throughout the history of the IPA, characters representing phonetic
Mar 18th 2017



Extensions to the International Phonetic Alphabet
the International Phonetic Alphabet, also extIPA symbols for disordered speech or simply the extIPA (Ext-IPA), are a set of letters and diacritics designed
Apr 14th 2017



India pale ale
India pale ale (IPA) is a hoppy beer style within the broader category of pale ale. It has also been referred to as pale ale as prepared for India, India
Apr 24th 2017



Kirshenbaum
called ASCII-IPA or erkIPA, is a system used to represent the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) in ASCII. This way it allows typewriting IPA-symbols by
Feb 11th 2017



International Phonetic Alphabet chart for English dialects
"IPA for English" redirects here. For the help page regarding IPA for English on Wikipedia pages, see Help:IPA for English. This concise chart shows the
Jan 8th 2017



American IPA
American IPA may refer to Beer, an Americanized version of the India Pale Ale style, closely resembling an extra hoppy American Pale Ale. International
Nov 7th 2009



Speech Assessment Methods Phonetic Alphabet
printable ASCII characters, based on the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA). It was originally developed in the late 1980s for six European languages
Apr 24th 2017



Institute of Public Affairs
Public Affairs of the University of Chile. The Institute of Public Affairs (IPA) is a public policy think tank based in Melbourne, Australia. It advocates
Apr 11th 2017



IPA (disambiguation)
IPA commonly refers to: the International Phonetic Alphabet, a system of phonetic notation its organisation, the International Phonetic Association India
Feb 17th 2017



International Phonetic Association Kiel Convention
Kiel-Convention">The IPA Kiel Convention, held by the International-Phonetic-AssociationInternational Phonetic Association in 1989 in Kiel, Germany, adopted the first major revision of the International
Nov 13th 2016



Phonetic symbols in Unicode
Cyrillic. In Unicode there is no "IPA script". Apart from IPA, extensions to the IPA and obsolete and nonstandard IPA symbols, these blocks also contain
Apr 23rd 2017



Greene King IPA
IPAGreene King IPA is a bitter produced by the English brewer Greene King. "IPA" stands for India Pale Ale. In 2002, IPAGreene King IPA overtook Tetley
Aug 22nd 2016



Ipa Panchakanya
Ipa Panchakanya is a village development committee in Makwanpur District in the Narayani Zone of southern Nepal. At the time of the 1991 Nepal census
Apr 12th 2017



Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance
The Instrument for Pre-Assistance">Accession Assistance, or simply IPA, is a funding mechanism of the European Union. As of 2007, it replaced previous programmes
Oct 29th 2016



Ipa-Nima
Ipa-Nima[1] is a designer fashion brand founded by former Hong Kong litigator Christina Yu after she moved to Vietnam in 1995. Ipa-Nima Boutique website
Sep 7th 2016



Naming conventions of the International Phonetic Alphabet
Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) requires specific names for the symbols and diacritics used in the alphabet. It is often desirable to distinguish an IPA symbol from
Jul 29th 2016



Rye IPA
often called a "RyePA" in reference its sister brew, the already mentioned IPA. In America, rye has traditionally been used in baking for such things as
Aug 11th 2015



Ipas (organization)
Ipas is a global non-profit organization that works around the world to eliminate deaths and injuries from unsafe abortion and increase women's ability
Nov 25th 2016



FreeIPA
computing, IPA FreeIPA – an open-source project sponsored by Red Hat – aims to provide an easily managed Identity, Policy, and Audit (IPA) software suite
Jan 15th 2017



Roundedness
only one instance. There are no dedicated IPA diacritics to represent the distinction, but the superscript IPA letter ⟨◌ᵝ⟩ can be used for compression and
Apr 8th 2017



History of the International Phonetic Alphabet
minor adjustments until the IPA Kiel Convention of 1989, after which again only minor adjustments were made. The extIPA for speech disorders was created
Dec 10th 2016



Innovations for Poverty Action
Action (IPA) is an American non-profit research and policy organization founded in 2002 by Yale economist Dean Karlan. Since its foundation, IPA has worked
Sep 29th 2016



Palatal approximant
⟨j⟩ (⟨j̈⟩ in the IPA, j_" in X-MPA">SAMPA), a centralized ⟨ɰ⟩ (⟨ɰ̈⟩ in the IPA, M\_" in X-MPA">SAMPA) and a non-syllabic ⟨ɨ⟩ (⟨ɨ̯⟩ in the IPA, 1_^ in X-MPA">SAMPA).
Apr 10th 2017



French IPA vowel chart with audio
International Phonetic Alphabet along with audio files for each size. The IPA maps the vowels according to the position of the tongue. Some dialects make
Apr 13th 2017



Close central rounded vowel
transcribed in IPA simply as ⟨ʉ⟩, and that is the convention used in this article. As there is no dedicated diacritic for protrusion in the IPA, symbol for
Apr 13th 2017



Vowel diagram
elongated and the lips are rounded while the pharynx is lowered. The IPA vowel chart comprises the cardinal vowels, and is displayed in the form of
Mar 28th 2017



Bilabial nasal
1017/S0025100300005223  Fougeron, Cecile; Smith, Caroline L (1993), "Illustrations of the IPA:French", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 23 (2): 73–76
Apr 9th 2017



Open central unrounded vowel
AlternativelyAlternatively, Sinologists may use the letter ⟨ᴀ⟩ (small capital A). The IPA voted against officially adopting this symbol in 2011–2012. The Hamont dialect
Apr 20th 2017



Tone letter
in this case IPA diacritics may be confusing.) Sinologists sometimes use reversed Chao tone letters to indicate tone sandhi, with the IPA left-facing
Apr 11th 2017



Voiced uvular fricative
collectively called guttural R when found in European languages. Because the IPA symbol stands for both the uvular fricative and the uvular approximant, the
Apr 9th 2017



Stone Brewing Co.
six-packs are the Stone-Pale-Ale-2Stone Pale Ale 2.0, Stone-IPAStone IPA, Stone-Delicious-IPAStone Delicious IPA, Stone-CaliStone Cali-Belgique IPA, Stone-Ruination-Double-IPA-2Stone Ruination Double IPA 2.0 and select seasonal releases. Stone
Apr 9th 2017



Open-mid central rounded vowel
closed reversed epsilon. It was added to the IPA in 1993; before that, this vowel was transcribed ⟨ɔ̈⟩. The IPA prefers terms "close" and "open" for vowels
Apr 15th 2017



Close-mid central rounded vowel
letter theta, ⟨θ⟩, which in IPA corresponds to a consonant sound, the voiceless dental fricative. It was added to the IPA in 1993; before that, this vowel
Apr 21st 2017



Near-open front unrounded vowel
the IPA provides no separate symbol) has been reported to occur allophonically in Danish; see open front rounded vowel for more information. The IPA prefers
Apr 20th 2017



X-SAMPA
For a template that can be used on Wikipedia to convert from X-SAMPA to IPA, see {{x2i}}. The Extended Speech Assessment Methods Phonetic Alphabet (X-SAMPA)
Mar 22nd 2017



Mid front rounded vowel
transcribed in IPA simply as ⟨o̞⟩ or ⟨œ̝⟩. This article uses the first symbol for simplicity. There is no dedicated diacritic for compression in the IPA. However
Apr 10th 2017



Voiced velar fricative
Modern Greek. It should not be confused with the graphically similar ⟨ɤ⟩, the IPA symbol for a close-mid back unrounded vowel, which some writings use for
Apr 20th 2017



Voiceless labiodental fricative
Company  Fougeron, Cecile; Smith, Caroline L (1993), "Illustrations of the IPA:French", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 23 (2): 73–76
Apr 8th 2017



Uralic Phonetic Alphabet
marks, or any other characters. Unlike the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) notational standard which concentrates on accurately and uniquely transcribing
Jan 27th 2017



Close back rounded vowel
represents this sound is ⟨u⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is u. The IPA prefers terms "close" and "open" for vowels, and the name of the article
Apr 20th 2017





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