IPA articles on Wikipedia
International Phonetic Alphabet
International-Phonetic-Alphabet">The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet. It was devised by the International
May 16th 2017

Ipa is a genus of spiders in the Linyphiidae family. It was first described in 2007 by Saaristo. As of 2017[update], it contains 4 species. "Linyphiidae"
May 9th 2017

IPA Extensions
IPA-ExtensionsIPA Extensions is a block (0250–02AF) of the Unicode standard that contains full size letters used in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA). Both modern
May 16th 2017

Case variants of IPA letters
With the adoption of letters from the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) in various national alphabets, letter case forms have been developed. This
Feb 12th 2017

An .ipa file is an iOS application archive file which stores an iOS app. Each .ipa file includes a binary for the ARM architecture and can only be installed
May 2nd 2017

IPA pulmonic consonant chart with audio
The International Phonetic Alphabet, or IPA, is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet. It was devised by the
Mar 20th 2017

Handwritten IPA
supported IPA, and the IPA was therefore filled in by hand. However, cursive IPA is no longer[when?] taught, and is no longer[when?] included in the IPA handbook
Apr 25th 2017

IPA Braille
IPA-Braille IPA Braille is the modern standard Braille encoding of the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA), as recognized by the International Council on English
Aug 11th 2016

IPA vowel chart with audio
those in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) and added material. The chart is based on the official IPA vowel chart, which maps the vowels according
Apr 20th 2017

IPA extensions
IPA-Extensions IPA Extensions may refer to: Extensions to the IPA, extra symbols to be used in conjunction with the IPA, designed for transcribing disordered speech,
Jan 8th 2012

Obsolete and nonstandard symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet
International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) possesses a variety of obsolete and nonstandard symbols. Throughout the history of the IPA, characters representing phonetic
May 14th 2017

India pale ale
India pale ale (IPA) is a hoppy beer style Indian beer within the broader category of pale ale. It has also been referred to as pale ale as prepared in
May 18th 2017

Extensions to the International Phonetic Alphabet
the International Phonetic Alphabet, also extIPA symbols for disordered speech or simply the extIPA (Ext-IPA), are a set of letters and diacritics designed
Apr 14th 2017

International Phonetic Alphabet chart for English dialects
shows the most common applications of the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) to represent English language pronunciations. See Pronunciation respelling
Jan 8th 2017

called ASCII-IPA or erkIPA, is a system used to represent the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) in ASCII. This way it allows typewriting IPA-symbols by
May 6th 2017

American IPA
American IPA may refer to Beer, an Americanized version of the India Pale Ale style, closely resembling an extra hoppy American Pale Ale. International
Nov 7th 2009

IPA (disambiguation)
IPA is the International Phonetic Alphabet, a system of phonetic notation. IPA may also refer to: Institute of Public Affairs, Poland Instituto Superior
May 6th 2017

Institute of Public Affairs
The Institute of Public Affairs (IPA) is a public policy think tank based in Melbourne, Australia. It advocates free market economic policies such as
May 13th 2017

Speech Assessment Methods Phonetic Alphabet
printable ASCII characters, based on the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA). It was originally developed in the late 1980s for six European languages
Apr 24th 2017

International Phonetic Association Kiel Convention
Kiel-Convention">The IPA Kiel Convention, held by the International-Phonetic-AssociationInternational Phonetic Association in 1989 in Kiel, Germany, adopted the first major revision of the International
Nov 13th 2016

Phonetic symbols in Unicode
Cyrillic. In Unicode there is no "IPA script". Apart from IPA, extensions to the IPA and obsolete and nonstandard IPA symbols, these blocks also contain
May 9th 2017

Greene King IPA
IPAGreene King IPA is a bitter produced by the English brewer Greene King. "IPA" stands for India Pale Ale. In 2002, IPAGreene King IPA overtook Tetley
Aug 22nd 2016

Ipa-Nima[1] is a designer fashion brand founded by former Hong Kong litigator Christina Yu after she moved to Vietnam in 1995. Ipa-Nima Boutique website
Sep 7th 2016

Ipa Panchakanya
Ipa Panchakanya is a village development committee in Makwanpur District in the Narayani Zone of southern Nepal. At the time of the 1991 Nepal census
Apr 12th 2017

Naming conventions of the International Phonetic Alphabet
Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) requires specific names for the symbols and diacritics used in the alphabet. It is often desirable to distinguish an IPA symbol from
May 15th 2017

Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance
The Instrument for Pre-Assistance">Accession Assistance, or simply IPA, is a funding mechanism of the European Union. As of 2007, it replaced previous programmes
Oct 29th 2016

often called a "RyePA" in reference its sister brew, the already mentioned IPA. In America, rye has traditionally been used in baking for such things as
May 2nd 2017

only one instance. There are no dedicated IPA diacritics to represent the distinction, but the superscript IPA letter ⟨◌ᵝ⟩ can be used for compression and
Apr 8th 2017

Ipas (organization)
Ipas is a global non-profit organization that works around the world to eliminate deaths and injuries from unsafe abortion and increase women's ability
Nov 25th 2016

computing, IPA FreeIPA – an open-source project sponsored by Red Hat – aims to provide an easily managed Identity, Policy, and Audit (IPA) software suite
Apr 27th 2017

History of the International Phonetic Alphabet
minor adjustments until the IPA Kiel Convention of 1989, after which again only minor adjustments were made. The extIPA for speech disorders was created
Dec 10th 2016

Innovations for Poverty Action
Action (IPA) is an American non-profit research and policy organization founded in 2002 by Yale economist Dean Karlan. Since its foundation, IPA has worked
Sep 29th 2016

Palatal approximant
⟨j⟩ (⟨j̈⟩ in the IPA, j_" in X-MPA">SAMPA), a centralized ⟨ɰ⟩ (⟨ɰ̈⟩ in the IPA, M\_" in X-MPA">SAMPA) and a non-syllabic ⟨ɨ⟩ (⟨ɨ̯⟩ in the IPA, 1_^ in X-MPA">SAMPA).
Apr 29th 2017

Close central rounded vowel
transcribed in IPA simply as ⟨ʉ⟩, and that is the convention used in this article. As there is no dedicated diacritic for protrusion in the IPA, symbol for
May 2nd 2017

Bilabial nasal
1017/S0025100300005223  Fougeron, Cecile; Smith, Caroline L (1993), "Illustrations of the IPA:French", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 23 (2): 73–76
May 21st 2017

Vowel diagram
elongated and the lips are rounded while the pharynx is lowered. The IPA vowel chart comprises the cardinal vowels, and is displayed in the form of
Mar 28th 2017

Open central unrounded vowel
AlternativelyAlternatively, Sinologists may use the letter ⟨ᴀ⟩ (small capital A). The IPA voted against officially adopting this symbol in 2011–2012. The Hamont dialect
May 23rd 2017

Tone letter
in this case IPA diacritics may be confusing.) Sinologists sometimes use reversed Chao tone letters to indicate tone sandhi, with the IPA left-facing
May 15th 2017

Voiced uvular fricative
collectively called guttural R when found in European languages. Because the IPA symbol stands for both the uvular fricative and the uvular approximant, the
Apr 9th 2017

Stone Brewing Co.
six-packs are the Stone-Pale-Ale-2Stone Pale Ale 2.0, Stone-IPAStone IPA, Stone-Delicious-IPAStone Delicious IPA, Stone-CaliStone Cali-Belgique IPA, Stone-Ruination-Double-IPA-2Stone Ruination Double IPA 2.0 and select seasonal releases. Stone
Apr 29th 2017

Open-mid central rounded vowel
closed reversed epsilon. It was added to the IPA in 1993; before that, this vowel was transcribed ⟨ɔ̈⟩. The IPA prefers terms "close" and "open" for vowels
May 3rd 2017

Near-open front unrounded vowel
the IPA provides no separate symbol) has been reported to occur allophonically in Danish; see open front rounded vowel for more information. The IPA prefers
May 3rd 2017

Close-mid central rounded vowel
letter theta, ⟨θ⟩, which in IPA corresponds to a consonant sound, the voiceless dental fricative. It was added to the IPA in 1993; before that, this vowel
Apr 29th 2017

Mid front rounded vowel
transcribed in IPA simply as ⟨o̞⟩ or ⟨œ̝⟩. This article uses the first symbol for simplicity. There is no dedicated diacritic for compression in the IPA. However
May 2nd 2017

Voiced velar fricative
Modern Greek. It should not be confused with the graphically similar ⟨ɤ⟩, the IPA symbol for a close-mid back unrounded vowel, which some writings use for
May 20th 2017

representing the IPA in ASCII decreased. However, X-SAMPA is still useful as the basis for an input method for true IPA. The IPA symbols that are ordinary
May 2nd 2017

Voiceless labiodental fricative
Company  Fougeron, Cecile; Smith, Caroline L (1993), "Illustrations of the IPA:French", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 23 (2): 73–76
Apr 8th 2017

Close back rounded vowel
represents this sound is ⟨u⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is u. The IPA prefers terms "close" and "open" for vowels, and the name of the article
May 16th 2017

Uralic Phonetic Alphabet
marks, or any other characters. Unlike the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) notational standard which concentrates on accurately and uniquely transcribing
Jan 27th 2017

Voiced bilabial stop
Company  Fougeron, Cecile; Smith, Caroline L (1993), "Illustrations of the IPA:French", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 23 (2): 73–76
Apr 9th 2017

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